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Dry Eyes

Understanding the symptoms of this disease and applying appropriate management strategies can relieve discomfort and improve the health of your eyes.

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Dry Eye Disease

Dry eye disease is a common and often manageable condition. By understanding the causes and symptoms and applying appropriate management strategies, you can relieve discomfort and improve the health of your eyes.


Dry eye disease, also known as dry eye syndrome or keratoconjunctivitis sicca, is a common and often uncomfortable eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when your eyes don't produce enough quality tears to keep them lubricated and comfortable. This can lead to various symptoms, including irritation, redness, and blurred vision.

Causes of Dry Eye Disease

Several factors can contribute to dry eye disease, including:

Age: Dry eyes become more common as we get older, with hormonal changes often playing a role.

Environmental Factors: Exposure to dry, windy, or smoky conditions can lead to evaporation of tears.

Medical Conditions: Certain health conditions, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and thyroid disorders, can increase the risk of dry eyes.

Medications: Some medications, including antihistamines and antidepressants, can reduce tear production.

Screen Time: Prolonged screen time can lead to reduced blinking and increased evaporation of tears, contributing to dryness.

Symptoms of Dry Eye Disease:

Dry eye disease can manifest in various ways, including:

Stinging or Burning Sensation: Many people with dry eyes report a persistent stinging or burning sensation.

Redness: Eyes may appear bloodshot due to irritation.

Blurry Vision: Vision can become temporarily blurred due to unstable tear film.

Sensitivity to Light: Dry eyes can make your eyes more sensitive to light.

Stringy Mucus: You might notice stringy mucus in or around your eyes.


Dry Eyes

Management and Treatment

Managing dry eye disease often involves a combination of lifestyle changes, home remedies, and medical treatments. Here's what you can do:

Lifestyle and environmental changes

Adding foods rich in omega-3s, like salmon or flaxseeds, to your diet can improve tear quality. In addition, using a humidifier at home or work can maintain a more humid environment, reducing evaporation.

Warm Compress and Lid Hygiene

Applying a warm compress to your closed eyelids can help unblock oil glands, whereas cleaning your eyelids with a damp cotton bud  can improve tear distribution.

Over the counter or prescription Medications

Over-the-counter lubricating eye drops can provide relief by supplementing your natural tears. In more severe cases, prescribed anti-inflammatory eye drops or medications to stimulate tear production can help.

Punctal Plugs

Tiny silicone plugs can be inserted into the tear ducts to reduce tear drainage.

Intense Regulated Pulsed Light

A form of light treatment which helps break the vicious cycle of inflammation and restore tear gland function.

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Dry Eyes

Preventing dry eye disease can be challenging, but some lifestyle changes can help reduce your risk:

  • Take regular breaks when using screens.

  • Wear wrap-around sunglasses to protect your eyes from wind and dust.

  • Stay hydrated by drinking enough water.

  • Avoid smoking and secondhand smoke, which can exacerbate dry eyes.

We can provide a detailed assessment to discuss your needs and what options would be most suitable for you.
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